Bleeding gums are usually caused by gingivitis or periodontitis. Sometimes, it’s because a person has a hereditary bleeding tendency. If you’ve searched for answers to how to stop bleeding gums, you have probably come across several articles telling you to take vitamin supplements. It’s no wonder given that vitamins have been known to play a significant role in our general health.
However, their effects on our oral health have had contradicting results. A systematic review of published studies within the last 20 years about vitamins and oral health concludes that vitamins do not do much for our oral health. In particular, this review is referring to the association between vitamins and gingival and/or periodontal disease.
The authors of the review concluded, “although the existing literature suggests that vitamins are important in the prevention and treatment of oral diseases, there is weak evidence supporting the association between vitamins and both gingival/periodontal disease and hard dental pathological processes.” In other words, using vitamins to help stop the bleeding of your gums may not work 100 percent of the time.
How To Stop Bleeding Gums Instead?
Improve dental care routine
One of the reasons we have bleeding gums is the bacteria that inflame the gums. Hence, if you want to learn how to stop bleeding gums, you should know how to get rid of the lingering bacteria in your mouth.
One way to do that is to brush with the right toothbrush. Medium and hard-bristled ones can be doing more harm than good to our bleeding gums, so a soft-bristled toothbrush is your best bet. Then make sure you brush lightly yet thoroughly.
Experts from the World Federation of Hemophilia recommends two way of brushing: the roll technique and the bass technique.
The roll technique is for people with healthy gums. You lightly press the brush onto your gums until the bristles are spread, then brush forward and backward with a horizontal scrubbing movement until the front part of the teeth have been brushed.
The bass technique is for individuals with a gum disease. It requires more practice and precision. The brush bristles are also positioned onto the gums, but should be angled away from the crown of the teeth. Then proceed brushing forward and backward horizontally.
Besides brushing, you should also floss after every meal. Flossing cleans the tiny spaces between your teeth, which your brush can’t reach.
Choosing the right type of floss depends on your teeth spacing. WebMD suggests a wide, flat floss for people with teeth recession or those with wide spaces between teeth. Otherwise, a thin floss will do.
For those with braces, a thin floss would suffice, but you have to floss between the wire and the teeth as well. You may ask your dentist of alternatives if this method is taxing for you.
Aside from brushing and flossing, you can also add a mouthwash containing fluoride to your routine. Mouthwash, if properly chosen and used, can also get rid of the particles of food stuck in your teeth. Just make sure to rinse with mouthwash at least 30 minutes after brushing your teeth. This is to avoid washing away the flouride from the toothpaste.
The American Academy of Periodontology enlists tobacco as one of the causes of gum diseases. Although the article does not specifically say how tobacco negatively affects our gums, another site explained it could be the toxins from tobacco that’s making our gums susceptible to inflammation. It does so by keeping our gums from absorbing the nutrient it needs to fight bacteria.
Hence, to stop bleeding gums caused by gum diseases, you have to avoid tobacco completely. Also, it is common knowledge that cigarettes contain harmful chemicals. These affects our overall health, which makes our body susceptible to different illnesses.
Make better food choices
It is general knowledge that whole foods are better than processed ones. The latter either contains unhealthy ingredients such as preservative or has been stripped off of their nutritutional value. There are also certain foods that are harmful for our oral health. These are the sugary and acidic foods, in particular. Whole foods, in contrast, contain the nutrients we need for a healthier mouth.
The experts at UCLA also recommend against eating spicy, fried, and frilled foods. Instead, we should take more foods that contain vitamin C, D, and co-enzyme Q10.
With a healthier mouth, we are more equipped to ward off bad bacteria that cause inflamed and bleeding gums.
Try herbal remedies
For bleeding brought about by inflamed gums, you should also add herbal treatment to your how to stop bleeding gums list, especially if you’ve done the all the aforementioned remedies and nothing has happened. Or if you just want the bleeding to stop right away.
The same experts at the UCLA have the following suggestions to stop your gums from bleeding:
- Drink water with sage or peppermint. These two are cooling herbs that may help reduce inflammation.
- Use toothpaste with teatree oil, which has antibacterial properties.
- Instead of the regular fluoride-enriched mouthwash, use turmeric mouthwash instead. You may also add turmeric gel to the mix. Turmeric is known for its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. A study published in 2012 concludes that turmeric has an ingredient that helps prevent gingivitis.
- Use ginger and salt paste and apply it on the bleeding area. Ginger also has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.
- Try other anti-inflammatory remedies such as gargling with warm water and salt, using essential oils, or a compound of Chinese medicinal herbs.
Seek professional help
If the above tips do not help, seek a dentist’s help right away. This also applies to people who ulcerated lesions in their gums.
Also, remember that bleeding is caused by inflammation in the gums, which is from the microorganisms that are left unharmed when we brush. These then will form plaques–something that only dentists can get rid of for us.
For people with hereditary bleeding, professional help should always be asked first before anything else. It’s tempting not to undergo any dental procedure for the fear of bleeding continuously, but it can be harmful in the long run.
Our teeth need regular professional cleaning, and avoiding it can lead to further complications. Hence if hemophilia runs in your genes, work closely with a dentist.
The medicines and remedies a doctor will prescribe you depends on several factors. For example, the doctor may avoid conducting deep surgical procedures and injection if you have severe bleeding tendency. For mild bleeding, antifibrinolytic cover, may be required upon the approval of a hematologist.
After tooth extraction, you may be given topical tranexamic acid to reduce bleeding. The dentist may also recommend fibrin glue after the procedure.
Another reason you should consult your dentist is that gum disease and hemophilia are not the only reasons your gum is bleeding. Thus, if you have crossed out everything on this how to stop bleeding gums list, and you blood is still flowing from your gums, it could be due to other reasons.
If you’re a woman, it could be hormonal changes during your pregnancy. Or you could be using blood thinners or is suffering from Vitamin K deficiency. Whatever the reason is, a medical professional is what you need.